Mass media has long had an influence on society and an in depth look at its most popular forms today would most definitely reveal several glaring inequities in the way TV networks, print media, and internet websites communicate information. After clicking on a button called “Begin Study,” they were directed to a program that randomly assigned participants to view one of the three mock Twitter pages. Involvement can be gauged by observing several activities associated with the content. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies. Agency cues capitalize on heuristics that emphasize credibility cues that, for example, are computer‐ (rather than user‐) generated. It is possible that future research, using topics with more personal relevance, may result in different findings, especially in regard to the effects sizes found. Data indicate that recency of tweets impacts source credibility; however, this relationship is mediated by cognitive elaboration. However, this nonsignificant finding is qualified by the findings for hypothesis two and three and a post hoc model test. To test this hypothesis, the bivariate correlations between cognitive elaboration and each of the three credibility measures were analyzed. After removal of one item (self‐centered‐not self‐centered) the items measuring goodwill formed a unidimensional solution with acceptable reliability (α = .72), so the remaining five items were averaged to create a goodwill index. This style of news report encourages biased impressions of events rather than neutrality, and may cause a manipulation to the truth of a story. For example, social media are being used to seek information about serious topics, such as circulating up‐to‐the minute information about cholera outbreaks in Haiti and identifying clean water sources during this outbreak (Sutter, 2010). To test this hypothesis, three planned contrast analyses assessed whether the data displayed a linear relationship between recency of updates and each of the three dimensions of source credibility (see Table 1 for descriptive statistics for each of the three credibility measures). At the very least, it has allowed for a larger (and quicker) distribution of information. All five items formed a unidimensional solution with acceptable reliability (α = .68), so all five items were averaged to create an elaboration index. This ensured participant's names were kept separate from their responses. The rise of social media has changed how we perceive and handle information. In order to test the hypotheses offered in the current study, a 3 condition experiment was designed. (See Table 2 for descriptive statistics). Notably, this increases the importance of what was found in this study, as recency of updates was found to have a direct effect on cognitive elaboration and an indirect effect on credibility even for a topic where recency should not necessarily matter. Alternatively, it will require examination of social media and responses to it as a crisis unfolds in a more natural setting. Dr Christian von der Weth is a Senior Research Fellow at the NUS Centre for Research in Privacy Technologies (N-CRiPT) in the School of Computing. Harnessing big data for social justice: An exploration of violence against women‐related conversations on Twitter. Along the way, these gatekeepers are assumed to be checking information for veracity, and can be an important part in the process of ensuring the credibility of that information (Salcito, 2009), and are likely perceived to be doing so by the public (Reese & Ballinger, 2001). One possible reason (and potential limitation for the study) is the type of information used in the mock Twitter pages. Distorted definition, not truly or completely representing the facts or reality; misrepresented; false: She has a distorted view of life. Apart from bot detection, platforms should make it more difficult for users to create multiple accounts or blindly share information. This collaboration not only consists of creating content together, but also discussing the content in an attempt to improve it collaboratively and to come to a shared understanding of it. David Westerman is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication Studies at West Virginia University. Once they completed the questionnaire, they clicked on another link that sent them to a separate page, in order to enter their names. As a result, individuals can imagine themselves as potential victims of such events. But the online echo chamber isn't always good at separating what's valid from what's not, and being prolific doesn't make you right. Social media has penetrated our society very deeply to the point where it has become a place where we share our interests and give support to others. More recently, social media have provided a new and potentially powerful platform for people to use in seeking such information. - Distorted information is provided to the EU institutions about the possible economic, social or environmental impact of draft legislative proposals. His research explores the effects of computer‐mediated communication on impression formation and relational communication. This change has created a shift from the traditional notion of “gatekeeping” to what Bruns (2008) has referred to as “gatewatching.” Gatewatchers are unable to control the gates through which information passes, but instead keep a constant eye at the gates, and pass what flows through those gates onto others who then make the choice about the topic relevance and usefulness. Second, the assumption was made that an “official” page associated with the topic would be more realistic in terms of fast updates. Most people agree that fake news constitutes intentionally published falsehoods, although it is often difficult to prove malicious intent. The sites are a great way to see what is happening in the lives of friends and family, and to meet new people who have similar interests and thoughts to yours. Course credit was given for participation. People share wrong information faster than they pass along the truth. News Recommendations from Social Media Opinion Leaders: Effects on Media Trust and Information Seeking, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/pda/2010/jan/14/socialnetworking‐haiti, http://www.pewinternet.org/˜/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP_Social_Life_of_Health_Info.pdf, http://assets.en.oreilly.com/1/event/28/web2009_websquared‐whitepaper.pdf, http://money.cnn.com/2010/03/10/technology/twitter_users_active/index.htm?hpt=Mid, http://www.journalismethics.ca/online_journalism_ethics/gatekeeping.htm, http://www.cnn.com/2010/TECH/innovation/10/29/haiti.cholera.tech/index.html?hpt=Sbin. Before becoming the Dean in 2016, he was the NUS Vice Provost (Graduate Education) from 2014-2016 and Associate Provost (Graduate Education) from 2011-2013. However, a major question surrounding the use of social media as an information source is how people assess the source credibility of this information (Westerman, Spence & Van Der Heide, 2012). The MAIN model (Sundar, 2008) describes technological affordances that allow people to heuristically process cues when making judgments about the credibility of an online source. Participants went to the website, and read the informed consent. After each participant had viewed the page, they were instructed to click on another link that sent them to the questionnaire. The data were consistent with this post hoc model. This could have severely limited the participants' involvement with the topic. Therefore gatewatchers fundamentally promote or diffuse information by making sources or stories known to others in the new media environment. Social Media and Trust during the Gezi Protests in Turkey. This notion of “gatewatching” is echoed by Sundar (2008), who stated “The digital media universe thus presents a dual challenge: (1) the overload of information, entertainment, and other offerings that constantly need organizing and (2) the lack of assurance of any uniformity in content quality, which necessitates a continual monitoring of credibility on the part of users” (p. 77). One channel that provides many opportunities for this purpose is the Internet. Sober social networks: The role of online support groups in recovery from alcohol addiction. Cognitive elaboration is demonstrated in active participation in information processing (Defleur & Ball‐Rokeach, 1989). To test this hypothesis, a planned contrast analysis evaluated whether there were significant linear differences in measures of cognitive elaboration among each of the three experimental conditions such that the fastest updates elicited the most elaboration, etc. With greater education on critical thinking from an early age, hopefully, future generations of users will consider these consequences before sharing or spreading information online. After viewing the mock Twitter page, participants were asked to respond to two measures: one for cognitive elaboration (Perse, 1990) and one for source credibility (McCroskey & Teven, 1999). As the unintentional sharing of fake news on social media generally has no immediate negative consequences for the user, it is difficult to change online behavior. As such, it is important to continue learning more about this process, and learning about how and why credibility judgments are made about social media information. Many users often share information without evaluating its truthfulness, let alone diligently checking facts (for example, by consulting and comparing multiple news sources). Aid, Board of However, the topic chosen for our mock Twitter page, heart disease, is possibly not one that students felt personal relevance toward. College students were used for this research in part because they are heavy users of social media. This can be seen in environments such as Facebook when a user publishes a link and then comments on it, and similarly in Twitter.com where one does the same thing or where the user reposts a link. For example, it may be that thinking more about the content of the social media page may lead to increased credibility, and thinking more about the heuristic cue itself may actually decrease it. Experiment was designed factors of source credibility of established and generally trusted news outlets devoted to the dissemination of news... 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